It fell to Italy, in the recent European election, to represent the ebb of the Eurosceptic tide flooding Europe. To me this was good news and not because the European dream dazzles me. I do not count myself among the euro-enthusiasts of whom, after all, there are fewer and fewer.
The European Council's decision to appoint Jean-Claude Juncker as President of the European Commission might be thought in line with the normal rotation of EU leadership. Certainly some will try to portray it that way, pretending nothing has changed.
One of the words most frequently encountered when browsing Italian anti-racist websites is ‘nosismo’, a word used by Primo Levi to mean ‘selfishness extending to our own inner circle’, or ‘them and us’ - the ‘us first’ attitude.
Twenty years ago, 14th July 1994, German troops participated to the French military parade in Paris on the occasion of the French national holiday. It was the first time that German soldiers had walked down the Champs Elysées since the Second World War.
The more Ralf Dahrendorf saw of Europe and the countries and continents beyond its borders, the more this led him to the view he recorded in his Europäisches Tagebuch [lit. ‘European Diaries’], that this merely confirms just how close the ties that unite us Europeans are.
The Mosque of Cordoba is one of the great sites of European memory. With its famous colonnade, its semi-circular arches and the alternating red and white voussoirs it is one of Spain’s major tourist attractions, and also a reminder of its Moorish past.